First claimed and governed by France, then Spain and back to France, the formative years of the 18th and 19th centuries made it difficult for any single government to make a lasting impression. However, the Spanish did lay the foundations of a system, that still has elements in place today.
Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries white conservatives ruled the roost under French and Spanish control. With the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 came a new regime with the first American Governor, c. His governorship, was slow yet meticulous, pulling together the fragments of the new American state, repairing the damage from the Napoleonic reign. He successfully proved the loyalty of Louisianans with their victory over the British in the Battle of New Orleans.
After Claiborne, elected officials relied on their ethnicity and were later decided by their support of either the cotton farmers to the north of the state or the sugar farmers of the south.
The Civil War brought further change with Louisiana leaving the Union on January 26th 1861 but within 15 months Federal troops had gained control of New Orleans, the largest and most strategically important city in the South. Both the Union and the Confederacy claimed areas of Louisiana and even had their own Governors instated.
The politically turbulent post-war years witnessed conflict between the Reconstruction advocates of the Republican party and the more conservative white Democrats. Black and Creole voters were often marginalized by the white controlled parties and racial tensions flared into riots, fanning the flames of white supremacy.
Since the appointment of William Charles Claiborne as Governor of Louisiana in 1812, there have been a further 54 elected Governors. For over 100 years, between 1877 and 1980, the state experienced an uninterrupted run of Democrat governors, since then, there have been four Democrat and four Republican, including the current governor, Piyush 'Bobby' Jindal.
The current Governor's Mansion is at 1001 Capitol Access Road, Baton Rouge in close proximity to the Capitol Building and overlooking Capitol Lake. Built in 1963 it supersede the Old Governors Mansion at 502 North Blvd, which was instigated by Huey P Long and used between 1930 and 1961. The original mansion occupied this site from 1887 - 1929.
Louisiana is divided into parishes, whereas the rest of American states have counties.